They are called Gorgottesco, Tenerone, Salamanna, Prugnolo Gentile, Rossone, Mammolo and differ from the most famous vines for a detail: for hundreds of years their terroir of choice has been the city of Siena. These are some of the oldest vines that the city rediscovers thanks to Senarum Vinea: the historic vineyards of Siena, the project for the recognition and enhancement of the indigenous viticultural heritage and historical forms of cultivation within the walled city, carried out by the Laboratory of Etruscology and Italian Antiquities of the University of Siena, promoted by theNational Association of the Wine Cities with the contribution of the Monte dei Paschi di Siena Foundation. and entrusted to theCastel di Pugna Farming Estate.
The choice of the city of Siena as a field of research on ancient vines is based on the persistence of large green areas cultivated within the walls and mixed cultivation of gardens and vineyards in the immediate suburbs, which between the nineteenth and twentieth centuries showed significant elements of continuity with the medieval age thanks to the small production of wine destined to self-consumption.
The Senarum Vinea project was therefore born as an experimental path of historical-landscape and environmental redevelopment of Siena and its valleys, through the recovery of the balance between natural and cultural factors, which for centuries has marked the quality of the landscape of Siena and, more generally, Tuscany. Senarum Vinea has, in fact, made it possible to rediscover century-old strains of 20 autochthonous and minor vines that have survived to this day, but have long been forgotten and are at high risk of extinction.